Seal of Biliteracy Resources

Reports and Articles

§ Seal of Biliteracy National Website.

§ Seal of Biliteracy Goes Nationwide, Language Magazine, January 2021.

§ Minnesota Bilingual Seal with Performance at Proficiency Levels Along the Way, The Language Educator, Fall 2020.

§ 2020 National Seal of Biliteracy Report for 2018-2019 Academic Year.

§ 2019 National Seal of Biliteracy Report for 2017-2018 Academic Year.

§ The Truth About Bilingualism: It’s Only for Some Students, Education Week, January 2019.

§ What Are College Credits and Why Do They Matter? Academic Approach, August 16, 2021.


§ A Comparative Case Study: Administrators’ and Students’ Perceptions of the Seal of Biliteracy, Foreign Language Annals, 53 (3), 458-477. See the video abstract on YouTube.

§ Global Initiatives in North Carolina: The Impact on Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners, Dimension 2020.

§ Prioritizing Multilingualism in U.S. Schools: States’ Policy Journeys to Enact the Seal of Biliteracy, Educational Policy, September 2018.

§ Recognizing Whose Bilingualism? A Critical Policy Analysis of the Seal of Biliteracy, The Modern Language Journal, 103 (2), 371-390.

§ Shifting Ideologies: The Seal of Biliteracy in the United States, Language Learning in Anglophone Countries, 71-88.

§ The Seal of Biliteracy: Adding Students’ Voices to the Conversation, Bilingual Research Journal, 41 (3), 312-328.

§ The Seal of Biliteracy: Case Studies and Considerations for Policy Implementation, Information Age Publishing, 2020.

§ The Seal of Biliteracy: Considering Equity and Access for English Learners, Education Policy Analysis Archives, 26 (99), 1-12.

§ The Seal of Biliteracy: Successes and Challenges to Implementation, Foreign Language Annals, 51 (2), 275-289. See the video abstract on YouTube.

§ The Seal of Biliteracy: Variations in Policy and Outcomes, Foreign Language Annals, 50 (3), 486-499. See the video abstract on YouTube.